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2021年考研英语一阅读解析(长春考研网)

来源: 考研网校     2021-05-19 14:15     点击:   次

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  21 细节题 题干问作者认为火车费用的增加, 定位点第一段最后一句,转折句后说but it is still well above the official Consumer Price Index (CPI) measure of inflation.“ 依旧在通货膨胀以上,价格依旧很贵 ” 所以答案选择 D. remains an unreasonable measure.

  22 例证题 股票交易者代表——,定位到第二段, “ rail network should be borne by those who use it ”指的 rail travelers ,所以答案选择 B. rail travelers

  23 推理题 火车运营者______. 定位句 “ but passengers should be able to expect a basic level of service for the substantial sums they are now paying to travel” 乘客可以期待更好的服务,但是他们没有得到。所以, C. have failed to provide an adequate service.

  24 细节题 题干中说,如果不能平息乘客,铁路将会面临,定位到最后一段“ The threat of nationalization may have been seen off for now, but it will return with a vengeance if the justified anger of passengers is not addressed in short order.” 前文讲到国有化,转折之后说会有报复性事件发生,主要围绕所有制问题。所以,答案选择 D . a change of ownership.

  25 主旨题 文章主要围绕票价问题展开讨论,文章首段首句给出问题How can the train operators possibly justify yet another increase to rail passenger fares? 问题的答案即答案所以文章中心词是fare ,答案为 D. Ever-rising Fares Aren't Sustainable

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  26 细节题 CCT题干中出现aim to 询问目的,定位原文design to 。题干中说, 根据前两段, CCT项目目的是, 根据题干中询问目的,定位 these social assistance programs are designed to reduce inequality and break the cycle of poverty. 文章中说减少不公平和贫困的循环。所以,答案选择 B. help poor families get better off 帮助贫困家庭变好。

  27 例证题 题干中问墨西哥区域的研究表明, 答案所支持的观点,定位句在However, those correlations don’t prove cause and effect. The only previous study analyzing causality, based on an area in Mexico that had instituted CCTs, supported the traditional view. 讲的环境和贫困之前的因果关系。 所以,答案选择D. economic growth tends to cause environmental degradation.

  28 细节题 题干中关于印度尼西亚的研究,Ferraro 打算发现,根据题干信息定位6段, The s effects of the CCT program on forest loss from other factors, like weather and macroeconomic changes, which were also affecting forest loss. 即CCT项目和森林毁坏之间的关系。答案为 C. the relation of CCTs to its forest loss.

  29 细节题 根据Ferraro , CCT项目在印度尼西亚是最有价值的, 因为_____ 根据题干信息定位 “ the study shows that what’s good for people may also be good for the value of the avoided deforestation just for carbon dioxide emissions alone is more than the program costs.” 避免森林破坏的价值就超过了项目本身的成本, 所以答案选择为 C. it can protect the environment.

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