在职考研辅导班-在职MBA考研培训班报名入口-考研网校
您现在的位置:首页 > 备考 > 考研真题 >

2021考研英语二翻译试卷点评(天津考研网)

来源: 考研网校     2021-05-19 14:14     点击:   次

  1. 试题:

  Part C

  Directions:

  Translate the following text into Chinese. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  We tend to think that friends and family members are our biggest source of connection, laughter and warmth. While that may well be true, researchers have also recently found that interacting with strangers actually brings a boost in mood and feelings of belonging that we didn't expect.

  In one series of studies, researchers instructed Chicago-area commuters using public transportation to strike up a conversation with someone near them. On average, participants who followed this instruction felt better than those who had been told to stand or sit in silence. The researchers also argued that when we shy away from casual interactions with strangers, it is often due to a misplaced anxiety that they might not want to talk to us. Much of the time, however, this belief is false. As it turns out, many people are actually perfectly willing to talk and may even be flattered to receive your attention.

  2. 试卷点评:

  综述:翻译的难点主要体现在词汇的处理,语法的清晰和中文的表达流畅上。对于这三个维度,2021年英语二翻译相对于2020年在词汇难度上略有提升,其他两点上难度基本持平。

  具体评述:

  一、词汇方面:2021年英语二翻译与2020年相比,单词考查难度略有提升,但是并非体现在词汇超纲或者熟词僻意上,通篇基本上都是基础词汇和高频词汇,而是体现在词在特定语境中的判断难度上,例如interaction、misplaced anxiety、shy away、flattered等,虽然都是见过的熟悉词汇,但是如果只根据字面意思翻译,出来的效果会不符合中国人的语言表达方式,导致丢分。如去年的“lesson”翻译成课程会丢分,而应该根据语境翻译成(失败后的)教训。而今年的interaction 要根据语境翻译成“打交道”才合理,同样,misplaced 是放错地方的意思,但根据语境要翻译成“不必要的”。另外,代词需要在语境中理解的考点也有考到。

  二、语法方面:考点相对常规,不需要做过多的语序大调整,翻译整体难度不大。

  第一段中出现了while引导的状语从句,并且在对应的主句中出现了that引导的定语从句。总的来说,句子虽然偏长,但翻译起来语法难度不大。对于考生来说,需要辨别while此处是引导让步状语还是时间状语,辨别出后,按照正常语序翻译即可。

  第二段中出现的语法点也都比较常见,包括现在分词做后置定语;两个who引导的定语从句出现在一个句子中限定两类人;出现when引导的时间状语从句以及文章最后出现的As 引导的非限制性定语从句,这种语法结构中,as 一般翻译成“正如…”。总体来说,因为在平日的练习中会经常遇到这些语法点,所以对考生来说,不构成太大难度。

网站声明:
(一)由于每年成人高考考试政策都会有所调整和变化,本网站仅提供考试信息供大家参考,具体敬请请以教育考试院及院校官方公布的正式信息为准。
(二)本网注明信息来源为其他媒体的稿件均为转载体,免费转载出于非商业性学习目的,版权归原作者所有,如您对内容、版权等问题存在异议请与本站联系,我们会及时进行处理解决。
广东自考报名
在职考研培训班报名入口
扫码关注
返回顶部