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2021年考研英语完型填空解析(长春考研网)

来源: 考研网校     2021-05-19 14:14     点击:   次

  完型填空部分

  It's not difficult to set targets for staff. It is much harder,1 ,to understand their negativeconsequences. Most work-related behaviors have multiple components. 2 one and the othersbecome distorted.

  Travel on a London bus and you'll3see how this works with drivers. Watch people geton and show their tickets. Are they carefully inspected? Never. Do people get on without paying?Of course! Are there inspectors to4that people have paid? Possibly, but very few. And peoplewho run for the bus? They are5.How about jumping lights? Buses do so almost as frequentlyas cyclists.

  Why? Because the target is6.People complained that buses were late and infrequent.7,the number of buses and bus lanes were increased, and drivers were8or punished according tothe time they took. And drivers hit these targets. But they9hit cyclists. If the target waschanged to10,you would have more inspectors and more sensitive pricing. If the criterionchanged to safety, you would get more11drivers who obeyed traffic laws. But both thesecriteria would be at the expense of time.

  There is another12:people became immensely inventive in hitting targets. Have you13thatyou can leave on a flight an hour late but still arrive on time? Tailwinds? Of course not!Airlines have simply changed the time a 14 is meant to take. A one-hour flight is now ballad asa two-hour flight.

  The 15of the story is simple. Most jobs are multidimensional, with multiple criteria.Choose one criterion and you may well 16 others. Everything Can be done faster and madecheaper, but there isa17. Setting targets can and does have unforeseen negative consequences.

  This is not an argument against target-setting. But it is an argument for exploringconsequences first. All good targets should have multiple criteria 18 critical factors such astime, money, quality and customer feedback. The trick is not only to 19just one or even twodimensions of the objective, but also to understand how to help people better 20 the objective.

  1. [A] therefore [B] however [C] again [D] moreover

  2. [A] Emphasize [B] Identify [C] Assess [D] Explain

  3. [A] nearly [B] curiously [C] eagerly [D] quickly

  4. [A] claim [B] prove [C] check [D] recall

  5. [A] threatened [B] ignored [C] mocked [D] blamed

  6. [A] punctuality [B] hospitality [C] competition [D] innovation

  7. [A] Yet [B] So [C] Besides [D] Still

  8. [A] hired [B] trained [C] rewarded [D] grouped

  9. [A] only [B] rather [C] Once [D] Also

  10. [A] comfort [B] revenue [C] efficiency [D] security

  11. [A] friendly [B] quiet [C] cautious [D] diligent

  12. [A] purpose [B] problem [C] prejudice [D] policy

  13. [A] interested [B] revealed [C] admitted [D] noticed

  14. [A] break [B] trip [C] departure [D] transfer

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