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2021年考研英语二翻译试卷答案解析(郑州考研网)

来源: 考研网校     2021-05-19 14:10     点击:   次

  We tend to think that friends and family members are our biggest sources of connection, laughter and warmth. While that may well be true, researchers have also recently found that interacting with strangers actually brings a boost in mood and feelings of belonging that we didn’t expect.

  In one series of studies, researchers instructed Chicago-area commuters using public transportation to strike up a conversation with someone near them. On average, participants who followed this instruction felt better than those who had been told to stand or sit in silence. The researchers also argued that when we shy away from casual interactions with strangers, it is often due to a misplaced anxiety that they might not want to talk to us. Much of the time, however, this belief is false. As it turns out, many people are actually perfectly willing to talk -- and may even be flattered to receive your attention.

  【译文】

  我们往往认为,朋友和家庭成员是我们交流、欢乐与温暖的最大源泉。虽然这可能是对的,但研究人员近期也发现,与陌生人交流实际上能够改善情绪、提升归属感,这是我们从未预料到的。

  在一系列研究中,研究人员指示芝加哥地区使用公共交通的通勤者与他们身边的人展开交流。大体上看,遵从指示的参与者比那些被告知默默地站着或坐着的人感觉更好。研究人员还认为,我们不好意思与陌生人随意交谈,通常是因为一种错误的担心:他们可能不想与我们说话。然而大多数时候,这种想法不对。正如结果所示,实际上许多人非常愿意交流 — 并且得到你的关注甚至可能让他们感到高兴。

  【逐句解析】

  ①We tend to think that friends and family members are our biggest sources of connection, laughter and warmth.

  考察固定短语、宾语从句。tend to:往往,倾向于;laughter:笑声,欢乐。

  【译文】我们往往认为,朋友和家庭成员是我们交流、欢乐与温暖的最大源泉。

  ②While that may well be true, researchers have also recently found that interacting with strangers actually brings a boost in mood and feelings of belonging that we didn’t expect.

  考察让步状语从句、宾语从句、定语从句。interact:交往,互动;stranger:陌生人;boost:推动,增强;belonging:归属感。

  【译文】虽然这可能是对的,但研究人员近期也发现,与陌生人交流实际上能够改善情绪、提升归属感,这是我们从未预料到的。

  ③In one series of studies, researchers instructed Chicago-area commuters using public transportation to strike up a conversation with someone near them.

  考察非谓语做后置定语。instruct:指示,指导;commuter:通勤者,乘坐公共交通上下班的人;strike up,开始(谈话)。

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